Paper ID : 1847
Status : Paper published
Language : Turkish
Topic : Law
Presenter: Ph.D. candidate Ertuğrul Eryücel
Session : 4A Hukuk
A Comparative Analysis on Policy Making in Western Countries and Turkey in the Context of Eugenics
Öjenik Bağlamında Batı Ülkeleri'nde ve Türkiye'de Politika Yapımı Üzerine Karşılaştırmalı Analiz
- Ph.D. candidate Ertuğrul Eryücel (Gaziosmanpaşa University, Turkey)
The word eugenics was coined in 1883 by the English scientist Francis Galton, who took the word from a Greek root meaning “good in birth” or “noble in heredity”. Eugenics aimed to assist states in implementing negative or positive policies which would improve the quality of the national breed. The intensive applications of eugenic policies coincide between two World Wars. İn the decades between 1905 and 1945, eugenics politics implemented in more than thirty countries. The method of this study is based on a literature survey on the sources of the eugenic subject. The sources of the data are documents such as books, articles, journals, theses, projects, research reports about the politics and legal regulations of the countries on the family, population, sport, health and body. This study comparatively examines eugenic policy-making in Turkey and in Western countries: Britain, United States, France, Germany (1905-1945). This study aims to discuss the relation of eugenic politics in countries with nation building process, ethnic nationalism, and racism. This is a basic claim that the eugenic practices in Turkey contain more positive measures and that there is no racial-ethnic content of eugenics in Turkey.
JEL codes: E61
Eryücel, Ertuğrul (2017). "A Comparative Analysis on Policy Making in Western Countries and Turkey in the Context of Eugenics" in Proceedings of International Conference of Eurasian Economies 2017, pp.132-140, Istanbul, TURKEY.
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Session 4A: Hukuk