Paper ID : 794
Status : Paper published
Language : Turkish
Topic : International Trade and Globalization
Presenter: Asst. Prof. Dr. Şenol Yaprak
Session : 1D Uluslararası Sorunlar
Turkish Labor Migration to Germany and its Socio-Economic Impacts in the Context of International Labor Migration
Uluslararası Emek Göçü Bağlamında Almanya’ya Türk İşgücü Göçü ve Sosyo-Ekonomik Etkileri
- Asst. Prof. Dr. Şenol Yaprak (Kocatepe University, Turkey)
Germany being encountered great destruction during the World War 2 has gone through a process of reconstruction and development. However, as it could not be able to find sufficient labor force during this process, Germany has signed subsequent labor migration agreements with Italy, Greece and finally with Turkey in the year of 1961. From this date onwards, a constant labor migration has started in Germany and currently it can be concluded that 3 million Turkish origin people are living in Germany. This study aims to analyze socio-economically the point that the situation has reached in 50-year period of time. As opposed to the existing aged German population, Turkish people having relatively younger population provides support to necessary labor force. Recently, Turkish people are not only laborers in the context but also with their increasing number they began to become employers in Germany whereby contributing to Germany economy. The number of Turkish entrepreneurs in Germany is estimated to be 70-80 thousand; they operate in diverse sectors and employing approximately 400 thousand laborers. It is estimated that the Turkish businesses are making annual return of 35-40 billion Euros in Germany. More and more, a new Turkish generation has been formed there, which embraced Germany as home country and they form plans about future around Germany values. Turkish population living in Germany is crucial in terms of improving the relationships with Germany; therefore importance should be given to this issue and establishment of novel policies by the central authorities in both countries.
JEL codes: J21, E24, F22
Yaprak, Şenol (2013). "Turkish Labor Migration to Germany and its Socio-Economic Impacts in the Context of International Labor Migration" in Proceedings of International Conference of Eurasian Economies 2013, pp.862-870, St. Petersburg, RUSSIA.
Full paper in PDF format.
Session 1D: Uluslararası Sorunlar